Chilean Culture

National Anthem

The current Chilean National Anthem was finished in 1847. The Score (music) was finished in 1827, while the lyrics weren't added until 1847.

Spanish Version

Puro, Chile, es tu cielo azulado
Puras brisas te cruzan también.
Y tu campo de flores bordado
Es la copia feliz del Edén.
Majestuosa es la blanca montaña
Que te dio por baluarte el Señor
Que te dio por baluarte el Señor,
Y ese mar que tranquilo te baña
Te promete un futuro esplendor
Y ese mar que tranquilo te baña
Te promete un futuro esplendor.

Dulce Patria, recibe los votos
Con que Chile en tus aras juró:
Que o la tumba serás de los libres
O el asilo contra la opresión
Que o la tumba serás de los libres
O el asilo contra la opresión
Que o la tumba serás de los libres
O el asilo contra la opresión
O el asilo contra la opresión
O el asilo contra la opresión.
English Version

Pure, Chile, is your blue sky;
Pure breezes cross you as well.
And your flower-embroidered field
Is the happy copy of Eden.
Majestic is the white mountain
That was given to you as a bastion by the Lord
That was given to you as a bastion by the Lord
And that sea that calmly washes your shores
Promises you a future splendor
And that sea that calmly washes your shores
Promises you a future splendor

Sweet fatherland, accept the vows
With which Chile swore at your altars:
Either you'll be the tomb of the free
Or the refuge against oppression
Either you'll be the tomb of the free
Or the refuge against oppression
Either you'll be the tomb of the free
Or the refuge against oppression
Or the refuge against oppression
Or the refuge against oppression
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Anthem_of_Chile



Flag


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The Chilean Flag was first adopted in 1817. In Chile, the flag is refereed to as La Estrella Solitaria (the lone star). The red strip at the bottom represents blood that was lost fighting for independence. The white strip at the top represents the Andes, as they are covered with snow. The Star is used to represent a guide to progress and honour, while the blue box around it symbolizes the sky, and the ocean.
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FLAG_OF_CHILEE_
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Chile



Location & Map


Chile is a long country located in the South-Western side of South America.

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Chile's location on the World Map (above). Although Chile is not a large country (756,950 km2) it appears to take up alot of space because of its length.

A map of Chile as a country (right).
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Language

The majority of people in Chile speak Spanish, but many other languages are also spoken.
Some of the other languages you may here in Chile include;
  • Mapudungun
  • English
  • German
  • Chilean Sign Language
  • Quechua
  • Rapa Nui
  • Huilliche



Tourism

Chile has about 2.25 Million visitors each year. Chile has 32 National Parks, 48 Natural Reserves, and 15 Natural Monuments.
If your looking for something scenic, you may enjoy the Mars like quality of the Atacama desert, or the Snow Covered fjords in the Chilean Patagonia.
One of the most famous tourist spots in Chile is Easter Island.

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Provinces



Chile is home to 54 Provinces. These provinces include
  • Arica
  • Parinacota
  • Iquique
  • Tamarugal
  • Antofagasta
  • Al Loa
  • Tocopilla
  • Copiapo
  • Chanaral
  • Huasco
  • Elqui
  • Choapa
  • Limari
  • Calparaiso
  • Isla de Pascua
  • Los Andes
  • Petorca
  • Quillota
  • San Antonio
  • San Felipe de Aconcagua
  • Marga Marga
  • Cachapoal
  • Cardenal Caro
  • Colchagua
  • Talca
  • Cauquenes
  • Curico
  • Linares
  • Concepcion
  • Arauco
  • Biobio
  • Nuble
  • Cautin
  • Malleco
  • Valdivia
  • Ranco
  • Llanquihue
  • Chiloe
  • Osorno
  • Palena
  • Coihaique
  • Aisen
  • Capitan Prat
  • General Carrera
  • Magallanes
  • Antartica Chilena
  • Tierra del Fuego
  • Ultima Esperanza
  • Santiago
  • Cordillera
  • Chacubuco
  • Maipo
  • Melipilla
  • Talagante



The Republic of Chile

The Motto of Chile is Por la razon o la fuerza, which translates to By reason or force.
The Capital of Chile is Santiago de Chile, and the population of the country is 17,294,270.
The people of Chile use the Peso as their currency. One US dollar translates to about 485 peso's.
The President of Chile is Sibastian Pinera, and the Minister of the Interior is Rodrigo Hinzpeter.
Some of the indigenous animals include the condo (A large bird) and the huemul (A deer) .
It is percieved that most Chileans are very friendly, and also that the food in Chile isn't very good.



Music in Chile

The music in Chile is definatly not as spread out as the music in Canada. The most popular genres are classical, folk, and pop.
Some of the famous musicians from Chile include Tom Araya, who was a singer/bassist for the trash metal band Slayer. Claudio Arrau and Roberto Grateo who were both Classical Pianists. Eduardo Gatti was one of the leading composers in modern Chilean music. Alejandro Guarello was a composer. Dj Raff, Myriam Hernandez, and Dj Mendez worked more on the pop music scene.
The most prelevant Music award show in Chile is the Los Premios MTV Latinoamerica (VMALAs). It was originally called the MTV Video Music Awards Latinoamerica. Chile has won 24 titles at the VMALAs.

The top ten Artists (Songs) in Chile at the moment are
  • Enrique Iglesias ( Cuano me Enamoro ft. Juan Luis Guerra)
  • Don Omar (Danza Kudoro ft Lucenzo)
  • Shakira ( Loco ft El Cata)
  • Daddy Yankee (La Despedida)
  • Alex Jorge (Estar Contigo ft. Lena)
  • Plan B (Si No Le Contesto)
  • Edward Maya (Stereo Love)
  • Chayanne (Si No Estas)
  • Croni-K (Ariba la vida)
  • Americo (Adios Amor)
On an intresting note, Love the Way You Lie (Eminem and Rihanna) was included on the top 20 charts at number 12.

In the early times of Chile, most people could be found playing the Pan-pipes, flutes, drums, or trumpets made of wood, and shell, but Chile has always been less advanced when it came to Music.



Imagery

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